Besides evoking the final scenes from Vita Merlini, this one shares similarities with reverse scenarios in other works, where either Merlin himself is an object of one-sided desire by an amorous sorceress who plots to trap him or it is him who traps an unwilling lover. [note 1] His standard depiction, based on an amalgamation of historical and legendary figures, was introduced by the 12th-century British author Geoffrey of Monmouth. ", Lloyd-Morgan, Ceridwen. His argument was based on the fact that early references to Merlin describe him as possessing characteristics which modern scholarship (but not that of the time the sources were written) would recognize as druidical, the inference being that those characteristics were not invented by the early chroniclers, but belonged to a real person. The narrative of Merlin is largely based on Geoffrey's familiar tale of Vortigern's Tower, Uther's war against the Saxons, and Arthur's conception. His apprentice is often Arthur's half-sister Morgan le Fay (in the Prophéties de Merlin along with Sebile and two other witch queens), who is sometimes depicted as Merlin's lover and sometimes as just an unrequited love interest. Find out more about the name Marlin at BabyNames.com. , Clas Myrddin or Merlin's Enclosure is an early name for Great Britain stated in the Third Series of Welsh Triads. Merlinus was a Latinized form of Myrddin devised by Geoffrey of Monmouth and popularized in the Arthurian romances. / Today I shall end my present life engulfed in the waves.  If so, the hypothetical Merlin would have lived about a century after the hypothetical historical Arthur. The name was most famously borne in Arthurian legend by the magician helper and guide of King Arthur. Writing in Latin, he likely chose the form Merlinus over Merdinus in order to prevent associations with French merde "excrement". Adoption of these forms of Merlin was widespread 9 decades ago (ADOPTION OF 0.55%) and is now significantly reduced (ADOPTION 0.05%, ▼90.5%), with versions like Mervin becoming somewhat outmoded. Merlin (wahrscheinlich vom walisischen Myrddin [ 'mɘrðin ]) ist der Name eines der bekanntesten mythischen Zauberer des westlichen Kulturkreises. He is later found in the forest of, Merlin also otherwise protects Morgan in several other texts, including warning her of Arthur's wrath in Malory's telling of the plot of, Merlin is credited with predicting this: "Today I will perish, overwhelmed by stones and cudgels. Merlin began to make an appearance in the early 10th century. The name is of Celtic origin and is one of the names traditionally given to the Lady of the Lake. ", Markale, J (1995). from a diminutive of Merlo. Merlin's fate of either demise or eternal imprisonment, along with his destroyer or captor's motivation (from her fear of Merlin and protecting her own virginity, to her jealously for his relationship with Morgan), is recounted differently in variants of this motif but is usually placed within the enchanted forest of Brocéliande. [note 5] In the Perceval en prose (also known as the Didot Perceval and too attributed to Robert), where Merlin is the initiator of the Grail Quest, he eventually retires by turning himself into a bird. "Narratives and Non-Narrtives: Aspects of Welsh Arthurian Tradition. [note 11], The legendary Brocéliande is often identified as the real-life Paimpont forest in Brittany. It is of Welsh origin, and the meaning of Merlin is "sea fortress". In the first, Merlin creates Stonehenge as a burial place for Aurelius Ambrosius, bringing the stones from Ireland. The name "Merlin" derives from the Welsh Myrddin, the name of the bard Myrddin Wyllt. The meaning of the name “Merlin” is different in several languages, countries and cultures and has more than one possibly same or different meanings available. ASSOCIATED WITH sea, tales (literary), king, british (england), VARIANTS Marlin▼, Marlon, Merle▼, Merlen, Merlinn, Merlyn▼, Merlynn, OTHER FORMS VIA AMBROSE, MERVYN Marven, Marvyn, Merven, Mervin▼, Mervynn, Murvin, Murvyn, Merlin is a somewhat prominent first name for males (#725 out of 1220, Top 59%) and an even more prominent last name for both adults and children (#21230 out of 150436, Top 14%). In English-language medieval texts that conflate Britain with the Kingdom of England, the Anglo-Saxon enemies against whom Merlin aids first Uther and then Arthur tend to be replaced by the Saracens or simply just invading pagans. Other suggestions are that 'Merlin' is an adjective, from the French merle meaning 'blackbird', or that the 'man… Inspired by Wace's Roman de Brut, an Anglo-Norman adaptation of Geoffrey's Historia, Merlin was originally a part of a cycle of Robert's poems telling the story of the Grail over the centuries. Geoffrey of Monmouth Latinised the name to Merlinus in his works. Form of the Welsh name Myrddin (meaning “sea fortress”) used by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his 12th-century Arthurian tales.  In British poetry, Myrddin was a bard driven mad after witnessing the horrors of war, who fled civilization to become a wild man of the wood in the 6th century. He based it on stories of the original 6th-century Myrddin, set long after his time frame for the life of Merlin Ambrosius. Find all the relevant details about the meaning, origin, lucky number and religion is available in this page. Merlin name meaning is falcon, and the lucky number associated with is 8. Merlino Name Meaning. The Dragon later participated alongside Morgana in scheming against Arthur, Merlin, and Camelot. Form of the Welsh name Myrddin (meaning "sea fortress") used by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his 12th-century Arthurian tales. Medievalist Gaston Paris suggests that Geoffrey chose the form Merlinus rather than the expected *Merdinus to avoid a resemblance to the Anglo-Norman word merde (from Latin merda) for feces. In Robert's account, as in Geoffrey's Historia, Merlin was created as a demon spawn, but here explicitly to become the Antichrist who is to reverse the effect of the Harrowing of Hell. " Diverting from his traditional role in the legends, Merlin is sometimes portrayed as a villain, as in Mark Twain's humorous novel A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889). The earliest version of the Annales Cambriae entry (in the "A-text", written c. 1100), as well as a later copy (the "C-text", written towards the end of the 13th century) do not mention Merlin. ) In the second, Merlin's magic enables the new British king Uther Pendragon to enter into Tintagel Castle in disguise and to father his son Arthur with his enemy's wife, Igerna (Igraine). Geoffrey had Myrddin in mind when he wrote his earliest surviving work, the Prophetiae Merlini ("Prophecies of Merlin", c. 1130), which he claimed were the actual words of the legendary poet and madman. Merlin▼ is alike in pronunciation to Marlan, Marlen, Marlinn and Marlonn. These names tend to be less frequently used than Merlin. [note 8] The form of his prison or grave can be variably a crystal cave, a hole under a large rock (as in Le Morte d'Arthur), a magic tower, or a tree. Vortigen's wise men advised him that the only solution was to sprinkle the foundation with the blood of a child born without a father. Merlin's traditional biography casts him as a cambion, a being born of a mortal woman, sired by an incubus, from whom he inherits his supernatural powers and abilities, most commonly and notably prophecy and shapeshifting. There, he is often visited by his sister Ganieda (based on Myrddin's sister Gwenddydd) who has become queen of the Cumbrians and is also endowed with prophetic powers. (The stones, in actuality, came from the Preseli Hills in south-west Wales. (2000 U.S. Contrary to the many modern works in which they are archenemies, Merlin and Morgan are never opposed to each other in any medieval tradition, other than Morgan forcibly rejecting him in some texts; in fact, his love for Morgan is so great that he even lies to the king in order to save her in the Huth Merlin, which is the only instance of him ever intentionally misleading Arthur. possibly in some cases, a Lombardic habitational name from Merlino in Milan province. A further reworking and continuation of the Prose Merlin was included within the subsequent Post-Vulgate Cycle as the Post-Vulgate Suite du Merlin or the Huth Merlin. Gefoffrey included the prophet in his next work, Historia Regum Britanniae (c. 1136). (This represented the struggle between the invading Saxons and the native Celtic Britons.) For other uses, see, The young Merlin reading his prophecies to, According to Alan Lupack, "Merlin plays many roles in Arthurian literature, including bard, prophet, magician, advisor, and warrior. Some of the many Welsh works predicting the Celtic revenge and victory over the Saxons have been reinterpreted as Merlin's (Myrddin's) prophecies, and later used by propaganda of the Welsh-descent king Henry VIII of England in the 16th century. Niniane, as the Lady is known in the Livre d'Artus continuation of Merlin, breaks his heart prior to his later second relationship with Morgan, but here the text actually does not tell how exactly Merlin did vanish, other than relating his farewell to Blaise. :200 One site of his tomb is said to be Marlborough Mound in Wiltshire, known in medieval times as Merlebergia. Geoffrey's rendering of the character was immediately popular, especially in Wales. At this point Geoffrey inserted a long section of Merlin's prophecies, taken from his earlier Prophetiae Merlini. In Nennius' account, Ambrosius was discovered when the British king Vortigern attempted to errect a tower at Dinas Emrys. Writers translated this into Latin as Merlin Ambrosius, and into English as Mervyn. He does not tutor and advise Arthur as in later versions.. Origin: Old French-Latin Geoffrey primarily combined existing stories of Myrddin Wyllt (or Merlinus Caledonensis), a North Brythonic prophet and madman with no connection to Arthur, with tales of the Romano-British war leader Ambrosius Aurelianus to form the composite figure he called Merlinus Ambrosius (Welsh: Myrddin Emrys, Breton: Merzhin Ambroaz).  Other suggestions are that 'Merlin' is an adjective, from the French merle meaning 'blackbird',:79 or that the 'many names' deriving from Myrddin stem from the Welsh: myrdd: myriad. from the Arthurian personal name Merlino, borrowed from French Merlin. In the Vulgate Cycle's version of Merlin, his acts include arranging consummation of Arthur's desire for "the most beautiful maiden ever born," Lady Lisanor of Cardigan, resulting in the birth of Arthur's illegitimate son Lohot from before the marriage to Guinevere. The earliest Merlin text in German was Caesarius of Heisterbach's Dialogus Miraculorum (1220), originally in Latin. Geoffrey asserted that the characters are the same with references to King Arthur and his death, as told in the Historia Regum Britanniae. Writing in Latin, he likely chose the form Merlinus over Merdinus in order to prevent associations with French merde “excrement”. Here, Merlin survives Arthur, marries a woman named Guendoloena (inspired by the male Gwenddoleu ap Ceidio),:44 and eventually spends his time observing stars from his esplumoir [fr] with seventy windows, in the remote woods in the land of Rhydderch. Decades after, Robert de Boron retold and expanded on this material in his influential Old French poem Merlin. Geoffrey dealt with Merlin again in his third work, Vita Merlini (1150). As Lewis Thorpe notes, Merlin disappears from the narrative subsequently. Belle N. Burke (trans), Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, "Frequently Asked Questions about the Arthurian Legends | Robbins Library Digital Projects", Annales Cambriae, from Saint Patrick to AD 682: Texts A, B & C in Parallel, https://books.google.com/books?id=cTY44q6n0MgC&pg=PA19, "Arthurian Legend in the Seventeenth Century", "Arthur and Gawain - Robbins Library Digital Projects", "Echoes of Legend: Magic as the Bridge Between a Pagan Past and a Christian Future in Sir Thomas Malory's Le Morte Darthur", "The Enchantress, the Knight and the Cleric: Authorial Surrogates in Arthurian Romance, "Studies in the fairy mythology of Arthurian romance", "Merlin | Robbins Library Digital Projects", Locations associated with Arthurian legend, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Merlin&oldid=990869696, Characters in works by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Fictional characters with neurological or psychological disorders, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Cornish-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 00:02. Medievalist Gaston Paris suggests that Geoffrey chose the form Merlinus rather than the expected *Merdinus to avoid a resemblance to the Anglo-Norman word merde (from Latin merda) for feces. Nikolai Tolstoy hypothesized that Merlin is based on a historical personage, probably a 6th century druid living in southern Scotland. (If you would like to suggest one or more categories for the name, click here).We have plenty of different baby name categories to search for special meanings plus popular and unique names, search our database before choosing but also note that baby name … In legend, a magician who was the helper of King Arthur. Geoffrey kept this new character separate from Aurelius Ambrosius and stated that Ambrosius was also called "Merlin", therefore Ambrosius Merlinus.  This madman, also known as Lailoken, has parallels with the Irish Suibhne (Sweeney),:58 roams the Caledonian Forest, until cured of his madness by Kentigern (Saint Mungo). The earliest English verse romance concerning Merlin is Of Arthour and of Merlin, which drew from the chronicles and the Vulgate Cycle. He is popularly said to be buried in the magical forest of Brocéliande. Though usually a figure who supports Arthur and his vision of. Meaning & History. He was also influenced by Emrys (Old Welsh: Embreis), a character based in part on the 5th century historical war leader Ambrosius Aurelianus, who was mentioned in one of Geoffrey's primary sources, the early 9th-century Historia Brittonum. Merlin Name Meaning in Urdu & English. The Prophéties de Merlin (c. 1276) contains long prophecies of Merlin (mostly concerned with 11th to 13th-century Italian history and contemporary politics), some by his ghost after his death, interspersed with episodes relating Merlin's deeds and with assorted Arthurian adventures in which Merlin does not appear at all. For the episode with the same name see: Aithusa (episode). Merlin is a Christian Boy name and it is an English originated name with multiple meanings. Der Sage … , In chivalric romance tradition, Merlin has a major weakness that leads him to his relatively early doom: young beautiful women of femme fatale archetype. Merlin Name Meaning English, French, and Spanish (Merlín): from the Old French personal name Merlin, Latin Merlinus was derived from the Welsh personal name Myrddin. The name Marlin means Combination Of Maria And Magdalene and is of American origin. Merlin ▼ as a boys' name is pronounced MER-lin. Historically Merlin is a combination of two Legendary figures: Myrddin Wyllt (Merlinus Caledonensis) a North Brythonic Prophet and Madman. Carmarthen is also associated with Merlin more generally, including through the 13th-century manuscript known as the Black Book of Carmarthen and the local lore of Merlin's Oak.  Malory's telling of this episode would later become a major inspiration for Romantic authors and artists of the 19th century. These episodes appear in many later adaptations of Geoffrey's account. Even more political Italian text was Joachim of Fiore's Expositio Sybillae et Merlini, directed against Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor whom the author regarded as the Antichrist. When brought before the king, Ambrosius revealed that below the foundation of the tower was a lake containing two dragons, battling into each other. Notably, the Post-Vulgate Suite (along with an earlier version of the Prose Merlin) was the main source for the opening part of Thomas Malory's English-language compilation work Le Morte d'Arthur that formed a now-iconic version of the legend. , "Merlyn" redirects here. The name Marlin is in the following categories: American Names, English Names, Hebrew Names, Unisex Names. Geoffrey's composite Merlin is based mostly on the madman, poet and seer Myrddin Wyllt, a madman, poet and seer known also as "Myrddin the Wild" (or Merlinus Caledonensis in later sources influenced by Geoffrey). Emrys was the personal name and a Welsh version of Ambrose.  The Prose Lancelot further relates that, after growing up in the borderlands between Scotland (Pictish lands) and Ireland (Argyll), Merlin "possessed all the wisdom that can come from demons, which is why he was so feared by the Bretons and so revered that everyone called him a holy prophet and the ordinary people all called him their god.".  The story of Vortigern's tower is the same; the underground dragons, one white and one red, represent the Saxons and the Britons, and their final battle is a portent of things to come. Merlin is called Emrys because that was the name that was given to him when he was born in Caer-Fyrddin. Merlin appears as a woodcutter with an axe about his neck, big shoes, a torn coat, bristly hair, and a large beard. What follows next is supposedly narrated in the mysterious text Conte del Brait (Tale of the Cry). Here, Merlin's shapeshifting powers are also featured prominently. He supplemented his characterisation by attributing to Merlin stories concernig Aurelius Ambrosius, taken from Nennius' Historia Brittonum. The 15th-century Scotichronicon tells that Merlin himself underwent a triple-death, at the hands of some shepherds of the under-king Meldred: stoned and beaten by the shepherds, he falls over a cliff and is impaled on a stake, his head falls forward into the water, and he drowns. Der männliche Vorname Merlin bedeutet übersetzt „der Falke“, „Düne“ und „Hügel am Meer“. It means that this name is rarely used. and. He also earlier instructs Uther to establish the original order of the Round Table, after creating the table itself. n. In Baltimoron, it's the "Old Line State," or the state on the south side of the Mason-Dixon Line, and the state where Batimore rests at the mouth of the Patapsco River. In American literature and popular culture, Merlin is perhaps the most frequently portrayed Arthurian character. The prose version of Robert's poem was then continued in the 13th-century Merlin Continuation or the Suite de Merlin, describing King Arthur's early wars and Merlin's role in them as he predicts and influences the course of battles. Marlin is name that's been used by parents who are considering unisex or non-gendered baby names--baby names that can be used for any gender. What follows is a new episode of the young Arthur's drawing of the sword from the stone, an event orchestrated by Merlin. ":62, Merlin and stories involving him have continued to be popular from the Renaissance to the present day, especially since the renewed interest in the legend of Arthur in modern times. Later medieval works also deal with the Merlin legend, including through unusual stories such as Le Roman de Silence.  The demonic legacy invests Merlin with a preternatural knowledge of the past and present, which is supplemented by God, who gives the boy a prophetic knowledge of the future. Geoffrey retold the story in his Historia Regum Britanniæ with some embellishments, and gives the fatherless child the name of the prophetic bard Merlin. This name of the famous fifth-century sorcerer and mentor of King Arthur may or may not be a bit wizardy for a real-life modern child. It was a mistake as the first part of the name was a Welsh place name for the seacoast town of Carmarthen. The name Carmarthen is derived from the town's previous Roman name Moridunum, in turn derived from Celtic Brittonic moridunon, 'sea fortress'.. Geoffrey's Prophetiae reveal little about Merlin's background. More than once, the tower collapsed before completion. The name "Merlin" is derived from the Welsh Myrddin, the name of the bard who was one of the chief sources for the later legendary figure. MERLIN Name Meaning and History What Does MERLIN Mean and History? Mythology: Arthurian tales describe Merlin as the wizard who was King Arthur's mentor. Its most noted modern bearer: football star turned actor Merlin Olsen, whose father was named Merle. Eventually, it was directly incorporated into the Vulgate Cycle as the Estoire de Merlin, also known as the Vulgate Merlin or the Prose Merlin. In North Welsh tradition, Merlin retires to Bardsey Island (Welsh: Ynys Enlli), where he lives in a house of glass (Welsh: Tŷ Gwydr) with the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain (Welsh: Tri Thlws ar Ddeg Ynys Prydain). Find all the relevant details about the meaning, origin, lucky number and religion is … Name Marlin Categories. See the popularity of the girl's name Merlin over time, plus its meaning, origin, common sibling names, and more in BabyCenter's Baby Names tool. Clas Myrddin is also one of the early names for Great Britain given in the Welsh Triads. Through his ability to change his shape, he may appear as a "wild man" figure evoking that of his prototype Myrddin Wyllt, as a civilized man of any age, or even as a talking animal. Marvin (#580 IN 2018), Marlon (#851), Ambrose (#1480), Marlin (#1807), Merle, Merlyn, Mervin and Mervyn are the popular variation forms of Merlin appearing in the Top 2000. Mythology: Arthurian tales describe Merlin as the wizard who was King Arthur's mentor. [note 6] While Merlin does share his magic with them, his prophetic powers cannot be passed on. Origin of the name Merlin: English cognate of the Welsh Myrrdin, a name derived from the Primative Celtic elements mer, mori (sea) and dunom (hill, fortress), therefore meaning "sea hill" or "sea fortress." Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press. [note 3] He also helps Arthur in other ways, including providing him with the magic sword Excalibur through a Lady of the Lake.  Conversely, Merlin seems to be inherently evil in the so-called non-cyclic Lancelot, where he was born as the "fatherless child" from not a supernatural rape of a virgin but a consensual union between a lustful demon and an unmarried beautiful young lady, and was never baptized. " In a version with a happier ending, contained within the Premiers Faits section of the Livre du Graal, Niniane peacefully confines him in Brocéliande with walls of air, visible only as a mist to others but as a beautiful yet unbreakable crystal tower to him (however Merlin's disembodied voice can escape his air prison, as he does speak to Gawain), where they then spend almost every night together.  Other purported sites of Merlin's burial include a cave deep inside Merlin's Hill (Welsh: Bryn Myrddin), outside Carmarthen. So Merlin probably means "Ambrose of Carmarthen", and is only vaguely related to Mervyn and its variants. [note 2] This infernal plot is thwarted when a priest named Blaise [fr] immediately baptizes the boy at birth (in Brittany), thus freeing him from the power of Satan and his intended destiny.  Celticist A. O. H. Jarman suggests that the Welsh name Myrddin (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈmərðin]) was derived from the toponym Caerfyrddin, the Welsh name for the town known in English as Carmarthen. He told two further tales of the character. [note 4], The extended prose rendering became the foundation for the vast Lancelot-Grail cyclical series of Old French prose works also known as the Vulgate Cycle. Ambrosius Aurelianus a Romano-British War Hero. Myrddin, the wizard who tutored King Arthur in British legend was known as Myrddin Emrys.