LECLERCQ, Les Martyrs, II (Paris, 1903), 152-5. The Catholic Encyclopedia. "Maximilian." Die Stadt war mit ihren mehr als 400 Türmen fast uneinnehmbar. Deshalb musste er 363 als Märtyrer sein Leben lassen. . He added vast lands to the traditional Austrian holdings, securing the des Bist. Ecclesiastical approbation. (2) Vita ac legenda S. Maximiliani in PEZ, Script. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. Der Franziskanerpater wurde 1982 heilig gesprochen. Carlota rushed to Europe to seek aid for her husband from Napoleon III and Pope Pius IX, only to suffer a profound emotional collapse when her efforts failed. Dessen legitime Nachfolge beanspruchen, nach Spaltung des Patriarchats im Gefolge des Konzils von Chalcedon und nachfolgenden Trennungen, heute mindestens drei Kirchen. Thinking a Christian was not permitted to be a soldier, he refused to enter the army and was beheaded. APA citation. The treasury was so bare, however, that he had to use his own inherited income for daily expenses. By April 1865 the French army had successfully supported Maximilian by driving Juárez northward almost into Texas. But that month the American Civil War ended, and the United States demanded the withdrawal of French troops from Mexico on the grounds that their presence was a violation of the Monroe Doctrine. Wikipedia: Artikel über Maximilian. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Corrections? Maximilian I, archduke of Austria, German king, and Holy Roman emperor (1493–1519) who made his family, the Habsburgs, dominant in 16th-century Europe. August) und Maximilian von Tebessa (Namenstag 12. archduke of Austria and emperor of Mexico. Nihil Obstat. März) – steht uns Heutigen Pater Maximilian Kolbe (1894 bis 1940), der Märtyrer, der im Todeslager Auschwitz als Stellvertreter für einen Familienvater den Tod auf sich nahm. (Kempten, 1898), 325 sq. Impressum - Datenschutzerklärung. The Roman martyrology and most other calendars mention them on 21 August, while in a few martyrologies and in the heading which is prefixed to their Acts, 21 Sept. (XII Kal. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. Backed by a pledge of support from the French army, Maximilian sailed for Mexico with his wife Carlota, daughter of Leopold I, king of the Belgians. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Maximilian von Mexiko, Kaiser, Erzherzog von Österreich (1832-1867) Autor: Christian Kahl Maximilian, homöischer Bischof (5. Abschnitte 3 Linien und 4 Bekannte Familienmitglieder bestehen hauptsächlich aus Listen, an deren Stelle besser Fließtext stehen sollte. Suchen bei amazon: Bücher über Maximilian. Deutschl., I (Gottingen, 1846), 158 sq. RATZINGER, Forsch. Fragen? Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $19.99... A soldier, martyred at Antioch, Jan. 353, with Bonosus, a fellow soldier, of the Herculean cohort; they were standard-bearers, and refused to remove the chrismon (monogram of Christ) from the standard, as had been ordered by Julian the Apostate. Premium Membership is now 50% off! des six premiers siecles, VII (Paris, 1700), 405-09; TAMAYO, Discursos apologeticos de las reliquias d. S. Bonoso y Maximiliano (Baeza, 1632). Die Belagerung dauerte den Winter durch, Hungersnot brach unter den Kreuzfahrern … http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10075a.htm. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Both dates are wrong, as is evident from the Acts of the two martyrs, which represent Count Julian as infected with an ugly disease, contracted at the martyrdom of St. Theodoret 23 Oct., 362. Martyred at Thebeste near Carthage, 12 March, 295. His cult dates at least from the eighth century. Omissions? 10. ; KERSCHBAUMER, Gesch. Gesch. Contact information. Refusing to abdicate, feeling that he could not honorably desert “his people,” Maximilian was made supreme commander of the imperial army by his conservative Mexican backers. Crowned emperor on June 10, 1864, Maximilian intended to rule with paternal benevolence, viewing himself as the protector of the Indian peasants. Acta SS., Aug., IV, 425-430; RUINART, Acta Martyrum (Ratisbon, 1859), 609-12; LECLERCQ, Les Martyrs, III (Paris, 1904), 100-04; TILLEMONT, Mémoires pour servir a l'hist. Updates? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. St. Poelten (1875), I, 61-78. var m_names=new Array("January","February","March","April","May","June","July","August","September","October","November","December");var d=new Date();var curr_day=d.getDay();var curr_date=d.getDate();var curr_month=d.getMonth();var curr_year=d.getFullYear();document.write("Retrieved "+m_names[curr_month]+" "+curr_date+", "+curr_year+" from New Advent: "); His Acts, composed in the thirteenth century and unreliable, say he was b. at Celeia (Cilli, Styria), made a pilgrimage to Rome, went as missionary to Noricum, became Archbishop of Laureacum (Lorch, near Passau), and suffered martyrdom under Numerianus (283-4). Transcription. Maximilian von Baden Melumato şexsi Dewlete Grand Duchy of Baden (en)Cınsiyet Camêrd Cay biyayışi Baden-Baden Biyayış 10 Temuz 1867 Merdış 6 Tışrino Peyên 1929 ( de kewto ra)Otto von Bismarck * Leo von Caprivi * Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst * Bernhard von Bülow * Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg * Georg Michaelis * Georg von Hertling * Maximilian von Baden Nach der beschwerlichen Durchquerung Kleinasiens erreichte das Hauptheer des Ersten Kreuzzugs die seit 1085 in seldschukischer Hand befindliche Stadt Antiochia. Imprimatur. Black Friday Sale! Count Julian, uncle of the emperor, commanded them to replace the chrismon with images of idols, and, upon their refusal, had them tortured and beheaded. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Benjamin F. Hull. Maximilian Johannes Maria Hubert Reichsgraf von Spee (22 June 1861 – 8 December 1914) was a naval officer of the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy), who … - unsere FAQs antworten! Als Simone gemeinsam mit ihrem Ehemann Richard Steinkamp die Siedlung rund um das Zentrum kaufen will, macht sie Bekanntschaft mit einem faszinierenden jungen Mann, der sich ihr als Maximilian Santiago de … It is historically certain that Maximilian was a missionary in Noricum during the latter half of the third century, founded the church of Lorch, and suffered martyrdom. ; RUINART, Acta Martyrum (Ratisbon, 1859), 340-2, Fr. A soldier, martyred at Antioch, Jan. 353, with Bonosus, a fellow soldier, of the Herculean cohort; they were standard-bearers, and refused to remove the chrismon (monogram of Christ) from the standard, as had been ordered by Julian the Apostate. //. Name: Maximilian von Antiochia ; Datum: 21.08. MLA citation. They were transferred to Passau in 985. He was buried at Carthage by the noble matron Pompejana. Der Überlieferung zufolge wurde es vom Apostel Petrus gegründet. tr. On June 19, 1867, Maximilian was executed on a hill outside Querétaro. "the God-bearing") or Ignatius Nurono (lit. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. Bohemund von Tarent kommandierte die Belagerung der Stadt, die im Oktober 1097 begann. zur Bayr. Maximilian Karl Franz Michael Hubert Anton Ignatius Joseph Maria von Hohenberg, duca di Hohenberg (Castello del Belvedere , Vienna, 29 settembre 1902 – Vienna, 8 gennaio 1962), era un aristocratico austriaco, capo del Casato di Hohenberg dal 1917 al 1962. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Maximilian von Antiochia, ein christlicher römischer Offizier, hatte auf seinem Feldzeichen das Kreuz angebracht und weigerte sich, ungerechte Kriege zu führen. October 1, 1911. Das Patriarchat von Antiochien (auch Patriarchat von Antiochia) ist ein altkirchliches Patriarchat mit dem historischen Zentrum Antiochia am Orontes (Antiochien). The younger brother of Emperor Francis Joseph, he served as a //]]> http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10075a.htm. In drei Büchern . Even though Victor Hugo, Giuseppe Garibaldi, and many of the crowned heads of Europe petitioned Juárez to save Maximilian’s life, the Mexican president refused to grant clemency, given that thousands of Mexican lives had been lost in this latest struggle for independence from foreign domination. Concerning its value see RETTBERG, Kirschengesch. Maximilian Maximilian von Antiochia, ein christlicher römischer Offizier, hatte auf seinem Feldzeichen das Kreuz angebracht und weigerte sich, ungerechte Kriege zu führen. Deshalb musste er … (3) ALLARD, La persecution de Diocletien, I (Paris, 1908), 99-105; HARNACK Militia Christi (Tübingen, 1905), 114 sq. He upheld Juárez’ sweeping reforms (to the indignation of the landed proprietors) and was determined to abolish peonage, and he antagonized the Roman Catholic hierarchy by refusing to restore vast church holdings confiscated by Juárez. Ott, Michael. Alternativnamen: geboren: gestorben: 363 ; Maximilian von Antiochia war ein römischer Offizier, der zum Christentum übergetreten war.